Judge Andrews Partially Grants, Partially Denies Section 101 Motions

Judge Andrews recently granted a motion to dismiss for lack of patentable subject matter directed to a patent that included the following representative claim:

1. A method of determining a recovery state in a data stream, comprising:
receiving a compressed data stream;
detecting a compression block boundary in the compressed data stream;
detecting an archive block boundary in the compressed data stream;
detecting a file boundary in the compressed data stream; and
in response to the detection of the compression block boundary, the archive block boundary, and the file boundary, saving a recovery state for the compressed data stream;
wherein the recovery state includes a position of the compression block boundary, and a position of the file boundary.

Judge Andrews found this patent was “directed to the abstract idea of receiving, detecting, and storing information” because “as the Federal Circuit has held numerous times, collecting information is ‘within the realm of abstract ideas’” and “[t]his is precisely the kind of claim that the Federal Circuit has found to be an abstract idea.” D&M Holdings Inc., et al. v. Sonos, Inc., C.A. No. 16-141-RGA, Memo. Op. at 6-9 (D. Del. Apr. 18, 2017). Judge Andrews also found a lack of specificity or inventive concept in the claims, leading to his decision to grant the Section 101 motion.

On another patent-in-suit, however, Judge Andrews found that the patent was not ineligible and “agree[d] with Plaintiffs that Defendant has oversimplified and ignored specific limitations in this claim. This claim is more specific than claim 1 of the ’435 patent and calls for more than simply receiving, manipulating, and storing data.” Id. at 12-14.

On a third patent-in-suit, Judge Andrews “decline[d] to opine on” patentability because “construction of at least some of the disputed terms could impact the § 101 analysis, particularly as there is a dispute over whether the structure in several of the means-plus-function terms, which are found in claims that were not briefed or argued, is a specific device or merely a general purpose computer.” Id. at 14-16.

Finally, a fourth patent-in-suit was directed to an abstract idea without an inventive concept, in part because Judge Andrews “agree[d] with Defendant that this claim is directed to the automation of a process that can be (and has been) performed by humans.” Id. at 16-19. The representative claim at issue for this patent read:

18. A method for controlling a receiver having a plurality of receiver connections, the method comprising:
querying a user to select a receiver connection of the plurality of receiver connections to correspond with each encoding format of a plurality of encoding formats;
retrieving media unit data that identifies an encoding format of a playable piece of media selected to be played by the receiver, wherein the identified encoding format is one of the plurality of encoding formats;
retrieving receiver-connection data that identifies the receiver connection corresponding with the identified encoding format; and
sending to the receiver a control signal instructing the receiver to use the identified receiver connection for receiving a media signal of the selected media.

D&M Holdings Inc., et al. v. Sonos, Inc., C.A. No. 16-141-RGA (D. Del. Apr. 18, 2017).

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